Scientists have explained the causes of famine in Europe in the 9th century

The magazine "The Economist" took notice of the work of a broad team compiled by prof. Ulf Büntgen (CzechGlobe), which, using isotope analysis in combination with other techniques, have explained the cause of cold years and famine in Europe in the first half of the 9th century, known from the historical chronicles of that time. According to prof. Büntgen, the thing that is behind this temporary climate change is a massive explosion of the Icelandic Katla volcano, about which there has not yet been any records so far.

Thanks to the 2003 flood, 35 km far from the volcano the remnants of the 9th century forest were uncovered, and these proved to be an important material for the reconstruction of historical climate events. Isotope analysis of annular rings revealed double the amount of carbon radioactive isotope 14C in the annular rings of trees of a particular year, and comparison to another described historical event showed that the volcano eruption occurred in 822. It was just this explosion that caused the rupturing and melting of the glacier above the volcano and the subsequent flood "buried" the forest.

The whole article is available here

Workshop of the UV4Plants Association

From 27th till 28th June 2017, CzechGlobe in cooperation with the University College Cork from Ireland, organized a workshop on the subject of "Modulation of plant UV-responses by environmental factors". The workshop was held under the auspices of the international company UV4Plants. The company was founded on the basis of the action COST "UV4Growth" and it associates plant ecophysiologists dealing with the effect of UV radiation on plants in combination with other factors.

The Charter was signed

The Charter for Gender Sensitive Governance in Research & Higher Education Institutions was created within the project EGERA financed from FP7.  Prof. Michal V. Marek, CzechGlobe director, signed the document on January 27, 2017. The English version of the Charter can be downloaded here.

Cities are willing to adapt to changing climate

This week, Prague hosted an international conference, aimed to find answers to the challenges that cities are facing in the 21st century in the light of climate change adaptation.

The international conference “Urban adaptation, planning and practice: Supporting nature-based solutions” took place 17th – 18th October 2016 at Prague City Council.

Airborne remote sensing in Brno

The global trend towards increased urbanization, coupled with the impacts of climate change, has generated renewed efforts to understand how the structure and composition of the urban landscape affects local climate. The CzechGlobe has started as a part of the UrbanAdapt project a complex research effort using airborne remote sensing techniques in order to analyse the impact of city structure on the thermal behaviour, principally the role of vegetation in the thermal regulation of streets.

Secret of missing source of nitrous oxide (N2O) and methane (CH4) in boreal forest

Scots pine trees as a missing source of nitrous oxide (N2O) and methane (CH4) in boreal forest have been revealed by an international research team led by Dr. Kateřina Macháčová (CzechGlobe) and published in Scientific Reports belonging to the Nature publishing group in March.

CzechGlobe signed cooperation with United Nations University

The director of the United Nations University – Institute Flores (UNU - Flores) Prof. Reza Ardakanian with representatives of its strategic partner - the Technical University of Dresden visited CzechGlobe on Wednesday 15 June. It was thus initiated mutual cooperation in the fields of research and education related to global change.

Final workshop of BASE project in Brussels

The workshop “Implementing the EU Adaptation Strategy : Practical insights and policy recommendations” took place in Les Ateliers des Tanneurs in Brussels on June 9, 2016. The event was organized within the 7th Framework Programme project BASE - Bottom up Adaptation Strategies for a Sustainable Europe, where CzechGlobe is a project partner.

A workshop introducing preparation of Prague adaptation strategy

The workshop “Preparation of the climate change adaptation strategy of the Prague city“ took place in the Marble hall on Clam-Gallas palace in Prague on 30th May 2016. The event was hold under the auspices of the Councillor for the environment, infrastructure and technical equipment, RNDr. Jana Plamínková and was organised by Prague Institute of Planning and Development and Prague City Hall, in cooperation with UrbanAdapt project coordinated by CzechGlobe.

Global Change & Ecosystems - the book for download

At the end of last year, a team of CzechGlobe authors published a book titled "Global change  & Ecosystems Volume 1: Predictions on Terrestrial Ecosystems". The editors of the first issue were doc. Otmar Urban and dr. Karel Klem. The book is available for download here

ICOS meeting in Brno

During March 8-10th 2016, the Monitoring Station Assembly of the ICOS Atmospheric Thematic Centre (https://icos-atc.lsce.ipsl.fr/) will meet in Brno. The meeting will host 65 international scientists and focus on organizational as well as scientific and technical progress within the atmospheric part of the ICOS network. Some visitors will also take part in a field trip to the Atmospheric Station Křešín u Pacova, which is just about stepping into the labelling process to become an ICOS Class 1 site.

Foundation of a new institution

With 1 January 2016, a new Global Change Research Institute CAS, v.v.i. was founded. The Global Change Research Institute CAS, v.v.i. was established by splitting up of the now defunct Global Change Research Centre CAS, v.v.i. (GCRC) and it is one of the successional institutions of the GCRC. (The second successional organization is the Institute of Microbiology  CAS, v.v.i. and it is taking over the activities of the organizational part of the GCRC, i.e. the Institute for Nanobiology and Structural Biology). The person to be entrusted with the management of the newly established Global Change Research Institute CAS v.v.i. is Prof. Ing. RNDr. Michal V. Marek, DrSc., dr.h.c.

Will the hopes for the climate conference come true?

Professor Michal V. Marek was a guest of the Studio CT 24 and Dvacet minut Radiožurnálu (Twenty minutes of Radiozurnal) on Friday 11th December 2015. At the time when the participants of the climate summit in Paris had temporarily postponed an agreement on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, he was contemplating whether and also how optimistic visions will be reflected in the final draft of the document and whether this document will include the method of checking compliance with the agreed obligations and possible sanctions. Yet he had no doubts that the agreement will be eventually reached. Links to the interviews are available here

The contribution of Czech scientists to climate summit

The contribution of Czech scientists to just ongoing climate summit in Paris is a new web application that provides both the professional and general public with access to data on climate change. The web application at www.klimatickazmena.cz   is the outcome of the project CzechAdapt, whose coordinator is CzechGlobe. Through map layers it provides information on a range of indicators that describe the current state and anticipated development of the climate change in the future.

Antwerp charter signed

Partner organizations of the EGERA project have prepared, under the guidance of the University of Antwerp, a charter for gender-sensitive communication both within academic institutions and in communication with the outside world.

Thanks to our colleagues monitoring of drought takes place also in the Slovak Republic

The endeavor of a joint scientific team of the Global Change Research Centre AS CR p.r.i. and Mendel University in Brno is to monitor drought outside the Czech Republic as well. The team stands behind the portal www.intersucho.cz   and it operates the Integrated drought monitoring system (IDMS). Currently, the monitoring of agricultural drought is being extended to the territory of the Slovak Republic.

A joint scientific team of the GCRC and Mendel University has just released a new system for daily forecasting of agricultural d

A joint scientific team of the Global Change Research Centre AS CR p.r.i. and Mendel University in Brno, which stands behind the portal www.intersucho.cz and operates the Integrated drought monitoring system (IDMS), has just released a forecasting system of the state and intensity of agricultural drought. The system provides daily updated maps of the Czech Republic with forecasts for the next ten days.

Atmospheric Station Křešín u Pacova is now a transnational access site under the ACTRIS-2 project

The ACTRIS-2 project under the Horizon 2020 framework programme provides a coordinated framework to support and facilitate hands-on access for scientists to selected research infrastructures within the transnational access programme. Free of charge access is open to external users from and outside Europe also to the Atmospheric Station, which is a part of the Colocated Station Košetice-Křešín u Pacova. An information flyer can be downloaded here, more information about access to ACTRIS-2 observational facilities can be found on the project website actris.eu

Conference "Gender Mainstreaming in STEM and Global Change Sciences"

On the 14th and 15th October 2015 GCRC will host an international conference called "Gender Mainstreaming in STEM and Global Change Sciences' (STEM - science, technology, engineering and mathematics). The conference, which is one of the events within a project of FP7 - EGERA, will feature international experts in the field of equal opportunities in science and research. We cordially invite all interested researchers, academics, managers and administrators of scientific projects.

The invitation can be downloaded here

CZECHGLOBE at EXPO 2015

Within the 14-day presentation of the South Moravian region of the Czech National Pavilion at EXPO 2015 in Milan also GCRC got their space to present themselves. With regard to this year's theme of the exhibition "Food for the Planet, Energy for Life" GCRC presented their research activities in the field of photosynthesis, which is the basis for all food production, and the research on the utilization potential of the photosynthesis of algae. The presentation can be viewed here

Video-presentation "Change is Challenge"

Here you can see new video-presentation of Centre CzechGlobe "Change is Challenge". The video-presentation is result of project LE11008, EUPRO II.

We are launching hyperspectral imaging

During February a tender for suppliers of remote sensing sensors for our air carrier Cessna 208B Grand Caravan was concluded. The winner of the tender was a Canadian company called Itres, which will deliver three hyperspectral scanners this year. Specifically, they are types CASI -1500, SASI -600 and TASI -600, through which we will be able to capture image data of a selected area in a wide spectral range from the visible to middle infrared i.e. 380 nm to 2450 nm and the thermal range from 8 to 11.5 um.

The delivery of the first sensor is scheduled for April 2014. After its installation into the aircraft, calibration, necessary training and test flights we are planning to proceed to large scale hyperspectral scannig of pre-selected territorial units based on their topographic parameters, different types of ecosystems and at different weather conditions. Additionally, we are planning to provide access to the resulting extensive database to the broad scientific community, research institutions and universities.

Lecture by Dr. Jordi Vila

On Monday 17th February a lecture  by Dr. Jordi Vila called „What can we learn from short – and long – term observations in tall towers?“ will be held in GCRC within the cycle of CzechGlobe Open Disputation. Invitation to download here. (437.9 KB)

Conference "Global Change and Resilience"

Global Change Research Centre, AS CR, v. v. i. in cooperation with Mendel University in Brno is pleased to invite you to the 3rd annual conference
GLOBAL CHANGE AND RESILIENCE

held in Brno, Czech Republic on May 22nd – 24th, 2013.