Today, with the presence of the representatives of the Global Change Research Institute CAS – CzechGlobe, Vietnam National University of Ho Chi Minh City and the representative of the Embassy of the Czech Republic in Vietnam, the Ecosystem station for long-term and accurate monitoring of energy and greenhouse gas fluxes between the atmosphere and the ecosystem has been solemnly put into operation. The station is the result of three-year-long mutual cooperation declared by the joint memorandum of both institutions.
The station is located in the wetland area about 100 km west of Ho Chi Minh City and the studied ecosystem is the agroecosystem. Here it is represented by the rice field. It is rice that is one of the main and most typical commodities of Vietnam’s agricultural production. In addition to carbon dioxide fluxes, also methane fluxes and meteorological parameters will be monitored at the station to describe the flux dynamics depending on meteorological conditions and maintenance. The aim of the research is to understand the dependencies and controlling mechanisms of greenhouse gas fluxes, to create models of greenhouse gas fluxes in both the present and future climate, and to prepare the management of maintenance to sustain high agricultural output at low methane emissions to the atmosphere.
“From its very beginning, the development of the station has been carried out under the auspices of the Global Change Research Institute CAS – CzechGlobe, from the selection of the appropriate location, through the transfer of know-how concerning technical implementation, instrumentation, data processing, up to its final interpretation,” said professor Michal V. Marek, the Director of CzechGlobe. During the preparatory phase, which preceded the construction of the station, a Vietnamese colleague who is going to be the expert guarantor of the research at the station, graduated from doctoral studies in Brno, and one of the technicians completed a three-month-long internship in Brno as well. Vice versa, CzechGlobe scientists conducted several measuring campaigns in Vietnam. The data served to identify a suitable area as well as to train Vietnamese colleagues. Along Czech technicians, they also participated in the implementation of the station itself as well as in the final equipment with measuring systems and sensors.