The effects of global change have distinct socio-economic aspects. Global and regional environmental changes significantly affect the level of human welfare. Global change is considered, at both expert and decision-making levels, as a phenomenon whose consequences must be taken into account when preparing long-term strategies, but particularly in the systematic investment of time, energy and funding into improving the adaptability of individual fields of human activities and entire national economies. Global change continues to be at the centre of attention of both the expert and general publics. Not only has it become an ecological, sociological and technical problem of the present, but it also has a strong political dimension with a global reach. This poses a great problem, as the political aspect of the global change issue significantly complicates rational decision-making. The domain’s activities are thus aimed at using indicators and models for purposes of making integrated assessments of the impacts of global change on the services that ecosystems provide to people either directly or as a prerequisite for economic production.
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Julia Mildorfová Leventon from CzechGlobe participated in the Report by the Cambridge Sustainability Commission on Scaling Behaviour Change
On 13 April 2021, a report by the Cambridge Sustainability Commission on Scaling Behaviour Change was published. It provides recommendations for tackling the climate crisis. Professor Julia Mildorfová Leventon from CzechGlobe was also a member of the Commission.
The report calls on policy makers to focus on the biggest polluters in the UK, start the transition to more sustainable behavior and provide affordable low-carbon alternatives for low-income households.
Kurt Christian Kersebaum has been appointed Honorary Professor at Georg August University in Göttingen.
Professor Kersebaum works at the Department of Crop Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Georg August University in Göttingen, and at the same time at the Department of Climate Change Impacts on Agroecosystems in CzechGlobe. His professional focus is modeling of agroecosystems. He deals with the interaction of processes in the atmosphere-plant-soil system and with the simulation of the impacts of management and boundary ecological conditions on crop yields and the environment.
Data from CzechGlobe ecosystem stations helped to clarify the relationship between temperature and respiration of ecosystems
Respiration of ecosystems is a major component of the global carbon cycle. Respiration is strongly dependent on air and soil temperature and determines whether terrestrial ecosystems will be a carbon sink or carbon source. A study, whose results were published by the journal Nature Ecology & Evolution, by an international team of scientists from 27 institutions around the world including the Global Change Research Institute CAS – CzechGlobe, focused on describing the respiration of ecosystems in a global context.
The results revealed the thresholds of the global relationship of ecosystem respiration to air and soil temperature and confirmed that the respiration of ecosystems in cold climate zones depends significantly more on temperature than in warm (tropical) zones, where respiration of ecosystems depends more on water and nutrient availability.More
As of 1 February 2021, Global Change Research Institute CAS announces the 2nd internal call for project proposals, which will apply for funding through the CzeGGA internal grant program, in accordance with the implementation of the HRS4R Project Action Plan.
The grant program is intended for CzechGlobe researchers who, at the time of announcing the program, are in the PhD student position and at the same time in the 1st to 4th year of PhD studies or in the post-doc position within 5-year period since defending their PhD thesisMore