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CZECHGLOBE
Global Change Research Institute, CAS
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PROJECTS

Database of projects currently being solved as well as already completed projects.

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Number of projects found: 224

PAUL (Pilot Application in Urban Landscapes - Towards integrated city observatories for greenhouse gases)

Provider: EC - HORIZONT 2020
Another participant in the project: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Keywords: xxx
Annotation of project:
The ?Pilot Application in Urban Landscapes ? towards integrated city observatories for greenhouse gases? (PAUL) project supports the European Green Deal by creating capabilities to observe and verify greenhouse gas emissions from densely populated urban areas across Europe. Cities are recognized as important anthropogenic greenhouse gas emission hotspots and therefore play a significant role in any emission reduction efforts. The PAUL project aims to increase our understanding of specific needs of greenhouse gas emission assessment in urban environment; it compares available and novel observational approaches and implements an integrated concept for a city observatory, providing unique data sets that feed diverse modelling approaches, scientific studies and will be the base of services towards the city administrations. A specifically innovative approach is the co-design of services, models and observations between city administrators and scientists from multiple disciplines including social and governmental sciences.The PAUL co-design approach will exploring the needs of the cities and combining these with the scientific outcomes. This allows to introduce smart services to the cities, supporting evidence-based decisions on climate action and strategic investments. Overarching goals of PAUL are to: 1) implement elements of a pilot city observatory in a large (Paris), a medium (Munich) and a small (Zurich) European city, 2) collaborate with city stakeholders and engage citizens in co-designing services that are required for GHG monitoring in order to validate the implementation of Paris Agreement, and 3) increase our understanding of specific needs of GHG assessment in urban environment and create a service portfolio for setting up an urban greenhouse gas observatory.

Physiological, morphological and growth response of fir and beech along the geographical gradient – basis for predicting future development trends

Provider: Grantová agentura České republiky
Coordinating recipient: Výzkumný ústav Silva Taroucy pro krajinu a okrasné zahradnictví, v.v.i. (dále jen "VÚKOZ, v.v.i.")
Another participant in the project: Mendelova univerzita v Brně
Another participant in the project: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Keywords: European beech;silver fir;Carpathians;regeneration;growth;latitudinal gradient;climate change; prediction
Annotation of project:
European forests are facing enormous threats from rapid global climate change affecting recent and future performance of tree species. In this proposal we focus on European beech and silver fir the two important tree species for big part of European forests of middle and higher elevations. Carpathians serve as a model site comprising sufficient geographical and climatic gradient. Apart from physiological and morphological traits, which will be paralleled with climate and radial growth, in addition growth responses will be paralleled with different indexes obtained from satellite images along the studied geographical gradient. Measured parameters coupled with climatic data will be used to develop realistic response-model for both species and provide future response scenarios with novel, sophisticated machine learning algorithms. To truly understand the combined effects of different factors we are about to use multidisciplinary approach including ecophysiological and morphological observations, dendroclimatology, wood anatomy and carbon isotopes analysis, remote sensing and modelling.

LINKING SCIENCE, POLICY AND PEOPLE FOR SUSTAINABLE CARPATHIANS

Provider: Visegrad Fund
Recipient: Ústav krajinnej ekológie SAV, SK
Recipient: Okológiai Kutatókozpont, HU
Recipient: Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny im Komisji Edukacji Narodowej w Krakowie, PL
Keywords: sustainability, Carpathians, Visegrad countries
Web of the project: https://forumcarpaticum.czechglobe.cz/
Annotation of project:
The project aims to contribute to transnational cooperation towards sustainable Carpathians by activities focused to interconnection of science, education, policy and people. Nowadays, in the period of fast societal and environmental changes the sustainability of human activities becomes crucial theme. Environmental problems are now more visible and concern everyone. Therefore, the society and general public more and more reflect environmental issues, particularly sensitive to them is young generation. These changes in public attitude to environmental issues and increasing environmental pressures present opportunity to science, but also new challenge how to transfer effectively scientific knowledge related to sustainable solutions to policy and general public. The Visegrad countries share significant proportion of the Carpathian mountains. The sustainability of Carpathians is the main aim of the Carpathian Convention (CC; Framework Convention on the Protection and Sustainable Development of the Carpathians). Thus, the relevant policy framework exists. Despite signing the Memorandum of Understanding between CC and S4C in 2012, sometimes the research topics and outcomes are far from the input, which is needed for the CC Secretariat. Therefore increased communication between S4C with CC and its Working Groups (WGs) is needed. The CC feels a strong need of interdisciplinary research and this issue should be addressed by S4C as well. S4C should better communicate and address the policy makers and decision makers, they should be also invited and involved to S4C activities.

CzeCOS

Provider: Ministerstvo školství mládeže a tělovýchovy
Recipient: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Keywords: climate change and modelling; ecological physiology and metabolomics; green house gases; remote sensing
Annotation of project:
The main goal of the research infrastructure (RI) CzeCOS is to enable open access to the entire scientific community, to provide research services to external users, and to facilitate knowledge transfer (training and education of students, PhD students, postdocs, researchers and other experts) in the field of long-term sophisticated research on global change (GC) impacts on terrestrial ecosystems in the Czech Republic (CZ) and Central Europe. Particular aims are (1) to form a national complement to the existing ESFRI infrastructures ICOS, AnaEE, and EUFAR, (2) to provide unique facilities for (i) long-term impact studies on effects of environmental factors on plants/ecosystems, (ii) operation of atmospheric and ecosystem stations for observational research and quantification of greenhouse gas fluxes, (iii) physiological research, (iv) metabolomic and isotope investigation and (v) flying laboratory of process imaging; (3) to significantly contribute to the global network of GC research; (4) to represent a unique platform for a broad national and international interdisciplinary collaboration. RI comprises a unique set of facilities for the research of GC impacts on ecosystems, study of adaptation mechanisms and the development of mitigation measures. Expected innovations are prediction of future stability of different ecosystems, identification of potential risks and producing the adaptation measures, identification of crop cultivars with increased tolerance to stressors, preparation of vegetation indices and thematic maps applicable in landscape planning, etc. The aim of the RI is fully in compliance with the National priorities for oriented research, experimental development and innovations (R&D&I) determined as a certain and concrete object of the state and public interest, which combines a long-term goals and multi-field focus, is applicable in the whole society and desirable (a climatic change is specified explicitly as a priority area).

ATMO ACCESS (Solution for Sustainable Access to Atmospheric Research Facilities)

Provider: EC - HORIZONT 2020
Coordinating recipient: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
Another participant in the project: Český hydrometeorologický ústav
Another participant in the project: Masarykova univerzita
Another participant in the project: Ústav chemických procesů AV ČR, v. v. i.
Another participant in the project: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Keywords: xxx
Annotation of project:
The ambition of ATMO-ACCESS is to address the needs for developing sustainable solutions based on the principles of open access and to develop guidelines and recommendations for governance, management and funding for efficient and effective access provision suited to distributed atmospheric RIs. This project investigates the most suitable mechanisms that could lead to the sustainable provision of access to atmospheric research infrastructures. The main objectives of ATMO-ACCESS are: • to provide coordinated open physical, remote and virtual access to state-of-the-art facilities and services in atmospheric RIs and further enhance their range of products, capabilities and accessibility for a wide range of users, including the private sector; • to engage facilities and their national stakeholders and direct them towards improved harmonisation of access procedures across the different member states, while also exploring modalities by which the use of atmospheric RIs can be further enhanced; • to explore and test new modalities of access that build on the complementarity and synergies among atmospheric RIs and respond to the evolving needs of users in relation to training, research and technology development, innovation and data services; • to identify the most suitable conditions for establishing sustainable access procedures across the EU for distributed atmospheric RIs, involving national and international stakeholders.

The role of participatory social-ecological research in strengthening international development cooperation

Provider: Technologická agentura ČR
Coordinating recipient: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Another participant in the project: Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci
: Člověk v tísni, o.p.s.
Keywords: socio-ecological linkages; land tenure; agricultural investments; governance
Annotation of project:
The aim of the project is to contribute to the current practice of Czech actors in international development cooperation (IDC) by integration of research on socio-ecological links in their target countries. There are 3 objectives: (1) identification of needs for implementation of environmentally focused development projects among Czech IDC actors; (2) investigation of holistic social-ecological links between land tenure, agricultural investments, governance, societal inequality and well-being in the context of selected microregion in Zambia; (3) put the results into practice through a participative process including key Czech IDC actors. The project employs participatory research which directly interacts with process in both, researched microregion in Zambian and among Czech IDC actors.

Linking the composition of dissolved organic matter and nutrient cycling in streams of temperate forested catchments

Provider: Grantová agentura České republiky
Recipient: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Another participant in the project: Technical University Dresden
Keywords: Dissolved organic carbon;nitrogen;phosphorous;soil organic matter;element cycling;nutrients
Annotation of project:
Effects on important ecological functions and environmental chemistry of DOM and its role in nutrient cycling will be investigated in respect of decreasing acidic and nitrogen deposition as well as climatic change. The stoichiometry of dissolved organic carbon (DOC), nitrogen (DON) and phosphorous (DOP) play a crucial role in regulating nutrient cycling. However, changes in DOM composition as a consequence of changing its source have not been linked to the role of DOM for nutrient cycling. The overall objective of the project is to shed light upon the complex interactions at the interface of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems controlling amounts, composition and functionality of DOM. Our overarching hypothesis is that the composition of DOM determines its contribution to nutrient cycling in forested streams, i.e. serving as a C, N or P source for microorganisms. Strong focus on field observations and experiments will be accompanied by incubation experiments in the laboratory to further elucidate the linkages between the composition of soil organic matter and DOM and the consequences

Just-Scapes (Environmental justice analysis to advance rural landscape transformations in the face of climate change)

Provider: Ministerstvo školství mládeže a tělovýchovy
Another participant in the project: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Keywords: land use change, forestry, social justice, attitude, co-production
Annotation of project:
The Just-Scapes project aims to advance our understanding of how to envision and enact ‘Just Transformations’ of European rural landscapes in response to climate change.

Forest functions in the past, present and future - what can society expect from forests under climate change?

Provider: Technologická agentura ČR
Coordinating recipient: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Another participant in the project: Výzkumný ústav lesního hospodářství a myslivosti, v.v.i.
Another participant in the project: Mendelova univerzita v Brně
Another participant in the project: Vojenské lesy a statky ČR, s.p.
Another participant in the project: Norwegian University of Life Sciences
Keywords: evapotranspiration; tree water deficit; carbon sequestration; production; stress reaction; ecosystem function; regulation function; energy balance; water cycle; drought; managed forests; Norway spruce; European beech; remote sensing; climate mitigation;
Annotation of project:
The project deals with the ability of managed forests to provide ecosystem functions in future conditions characterized by higher drought and heatwaves occurrence – wood production (inc. carbon storage) and climate change mitigation (regulation of landscape energy and water balance) in the Czech Rep. and Norway. We will focus on 1) different site conditions; 2) potential for adaptation of important tree spec. (spruce; pine; beech), 3) potential for silvicultural measures implementation, 4) potential to apply those measures in practise. The goals will be reached by use of: timelines, climate models for predictions (till 2050); remote sensing and validation of its outputs with detailed field measurements both in long-term research plots and forests managed by VLS and Glommen- Mjøsen.

Development and verification of tools to support the implementation of the national Area Monitoring System using remote sensing methods.

Provider: Ministerstvo zemědělství
Coordinating recipient: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Another participant in the project: EKOTOXA s.r.o.
Another participant in the project: GISAT s.r.o.
Keywords: earth observation; agriculture; CAP, area monitoring system; checks by monitoring
Annotation of project:
The project objectives are driven by the current needs of the Ministry of Agriculture to implement and set up the national Area Monitoring System (AMS). The AMS is based on the use of new technologies, especially Sentinels and Galileo satellite systems. These technologies, within the principles of Checks by Monitoring, provide an opportunity to verify the eligibility of all submitted applications for selected subsidy schemes. The main goal of the project is to conclude an applied research focused on the design and implementation of new software and database tools that enable the national administration to abstract from the complexity of processing and analysis of satellite imagery, while fully exploiting the information potential of these datasets for operational agricultural monitoring.