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CZECHGLOBE
Global Change Research Institute, CAS
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Number of projects found: 222

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LINKING SCIENCE, POLICY AND PEOPLE FOR SUSTAINABLE CARPATHIANS

Provider: Visegrad Fund
Recipient: Ústav krajinnej ekológie SAV, SK
Recipient: Okológiai Kutatókozpont, HU
Recipient: Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny im Komisji Edukacji Narodowej w Krakowie, PL
Keywords: sustainability, Carpathians, Visegrad countries
Web of the project: https://forumcarpaticum.czechglobe.cz/
Annotation of project:
The project aims to contribute to transnational cooperation towards sustainable Carpathians by activities focused to interconnection of science, education, policy and people. Nowadays, in the period of fast societal and environmental changes the sustainability of human activities becomes crucial theme. Environmental problems are now more visible and concern everyone. Therefore, the society and general public more and more reflect environmental issues, particularly sensitive to them is young generation. These changes in public attitude to environmental issues and increasing environmental pressures present opportunity to science, but also new challenge how to transfer effectively scientific knowledge related to sustainable solutions to policy and general public. The Visegrad countries share significant proportion of the Carpathian mountains. The sustainability of Carpathians is the main aim of the Carpathian Convention (CC; Framework Convention on the Protection and Sustainable Development of the Carpathians). Thus, the relevant policy framework exists. Despite signing the Memorandum of Understanding between CC and S4C in 2012, sometimes the research topics and outcomes are far from the input, which is needed for the CC Secretariat. Therefore increased communication between S4C with CC and its Working Groups (WGs) is needed. The CC feels a strong need of interdisciplinary research and this issue should be addressed by S4C as well. S4C should better communicate and address the policy makers and decision makers, they should be also invited and involved to S4C activities.

CzeCOS

Provider: Ministerstvo školství mládeže a tělovýchovy
Recipient: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Keywords: climate change and modelling; ecological physiology and metabolomics; green house gases; remote sensing
Annotation of project:
The main goal of the research infrastructure (RI) CzeCOS is to enable open access to the entire scientific community, to provide research services to external users, and to facilitate knowledge transfer (training and education of students, PhD students, postdocs, researchers and other experts) in the field of long-term sophisticated research on global change (GC) impacts on terrestrial ecosystems in the Czech Republic (CZ) and Central Europe. Particular aims are (1) to form a national complement to the existing ESFRI infrastructures ICOS, AnaEE, and EUFAR, (2) to provide unique facilities for (i) long-term impact studies on effects of environmental factors on plants/ecosystems, (ii) operation of atmospheric and ecosystem stations for observational research and quantification of greenhouse gas fluxes, (iii) physiological research, (iv) metabolomic and isotope investigation and (v) flying laboratory of process imaging; (3) to significantly contribute to the global network of GC research; (4) to represent a unique platform for a broad national and international interdisciplinary collaboration. RI comprises a unique set of facilities for the research of GC impacts on ecosystems, study of adaptation mechanisms and the development of mitigation measures. Expected innovations are prediction of future stability of different ecosystems, identification of potential risks and producing the adaptation measures, identification of crop cultivars with increased tolerance to stressors, preparation of vegetation indices and thematic maps applicable in landscape planning, etc. The aim of the RI is fully in compliance with the National priorities for oriented research, experimental development and innovations (R&D&I) determined as a certain and concrete object of the state and public interest, which combines a long-term goals and multi-field focus, is applicable in the whole society and desirable (a climatic change is specified explicitly as a priority area).

ATMO ACCESS (Solution for Sustainable Access to Atmospheric Research Facilities)

Provider: EC - HORIZONT 2020
Coordinating recipient: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
Another participant in the project: Český hydrometeorologický ústav
Another participant in the project: Masarykova univerzita
Another participant in the project: Ústav chemických procesů AV ČR, v. v. i.
Another participant in the project: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Keywords: xxx
Annotation of project:
The ambition of ATMO-ACCESS is to address the needs for developing sustainable solutions based on the principles of open access and to develop guidelines and recommendations for governance, management and funding for efficient and effective access provision suited to distributed atmospheric RIs. This project investigates the most suitable mechanisms that could lead to the sustainable provision of access to atmospheric research infrastructures. The main objectives of ATMO-ACCESS are: • to provide coordinated open physical, remote and virtual access to state-of-the-art facilities and services in atmospheric RIs and further enhance their range of products, capabilities and accessibility for a wide range of users, including the private sector; • to engage facilities and their national stakeholders and direct them towards improved harmonisation of access procedures across the different member states, while also exploring modalities by which the use of atmospheric RIs can be further enhanced; • to explore and test new modalities of access that build on the complementarity and synergies among atmospheric RIs and respond to the evolving needs of users in relation to training, research and technology development, innovation and data services; • to identify the most suitable conditions for establishing sustainable access procedures across the EU for distributed atmospheric RIs, involving national and international stakeholders.

The role of participatory social-ecological research in strengthening international development cooperation

Provider: Technologická agentura ČR
Coordinating recipient: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Another participant in the project: Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci
: Člověk v tísni, o.p.s.
Keywords: socio-ecological linkages; land tenure; agricultural investments; governance
Annotation of project:
The aim of the project is to contribute to the current practice of Czech actors in international development cooperation (IDC) by integration of research on socio-ecological links in their target countries. There are 3 objectives: (1) identification of needs for implementation of environmentally focused development projects among Czech IDC actors; (2) investigation of holistic social-ecological links between land tenure, agricultural investments, governance, societal inequality and well-being in the context of selected microregion in Zambia; (3) put the results into practice through a participative process including key Czech IDC actors. The project employs participatory research which directly interacts with process in both, researched microregion in Zambian and among Czech IDC actors.

Linking the composition of dissolved organic matter and nutrient cycling in streams of temperate forested catchments

Provider: Grantová agentura České republiky
Recipient: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Another participant in the project: Technical University Dresden
Keywords: Dissolved organic carbon;nitrogen;phosphorous;soil organic matter;element cycling;nutrients
Annotation of project:
Effects on important ecological functions and environmental chemistry of DOM and its role in nutrient cycling will be investigated in respect of decreasing acidic and nitrogen deposition as well as climatic change. The stoichiometry of dissolved organic carbon (DOC), nitrogen (DON) and phosphorous (DOP) play a crucial role in regulating nutrient cycling. However, changes in DOM composition as a consequence of changing its source have not been linked to the role of DOM for nutrient cycling. The overall objective of the project is to shed light upon the complex interactions at the interface of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems controlling amounts, composition and functionality of DOM. Our overarching hypothesis is that the composition of DOM determines its contribution to nutrient cycling in forested streams, i.e. serving as a C, N or P source for microorganisms. Strong focus on field observations and experiments will be accompanied by incubation experiments in the laboratory to further elucidate the linkages between the composition of soil organic matter and DOM and the consequences

Just-Scapes (Environmental justice analysis to advance rural landscape transformations in the face of climate change)

Provider: Ministerstvo školství mládeže a tělovýchovy
Another participant in the project: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Keywords: land use change, forestry, social justice, attitude, co-production
Annotation of project:
The Just-Scapes project aims to advance our understanding of how to envision and enact ‘Just Transformations’ of European rural landscapes in response to climate change.

Forest functions in the past, present and future - what can society expect from forests under climate change?

Provider: Technologická agentura ČR
Coordinating recipient: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Another participant in the project: Výzkumný ústav lesního hospodářství a myslivosti, v.v.i.
Another participant in the project: Mendelova univerzita v Brně
Another participant in the project: Vojenské lesy a statky ČR, s.p.
Another participant in the project: Norwegian University of Life Sciences
Keywords: evapotranspiration; tree water deficit; carbon sequestration; production; stress reaction; ecosystem function; regulation function; energy balance; water cycle; drought; managed forests; Norway spruce; European beech; remote sensing; climate mitigation;
Annotation of project:
The project deals with the ability of managed forests to provide ecosystem functions in future conditions characterized by higher drought and heatwaves occurrence – wood production (inc. carbon storage) and climate change mitigation (regulation of landscape energy and water balance) in the Czech Rep. and Norway. We will focus on 1) different site conditions; 2) potential for adaptation of important tree spec. (spruce; pine; beech), 3) potential for silvicultural measures implementation, 4) potential to apply those measures in practise. The goals will be reached by use of: timelines, climate models for predictions (till 2050); remote sensing and validation of its outputs with detailed field measurements both in long-term research plots and forests managed by VLS and Glommen- Mjøsen.

Development and verification of tools to support the implementation of the national Area Monitoring System using remote sensing methods.

Provider: Ministerstvo zemědělství
Coordinating recipient: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Another participant in the project: EKOTOXA s.r.o.
Another participant in the project: GISAT s.r.o.
Keywords: earth observation; agriculture; CAP, area monitoring system; checks by monitoring
Annotation of project:
The project objectives are driven by the current needs of the Ministry of Agriculture to implement and set up the national Area Monitoring System (AMS). The AMS is based on the use of new technologies, especially Sentinels and Galileo satellite systems. These technologies, within the principles of Checks by Monitoring, provide an opportunity to verify the eligibility of all submitted applications for selected subsidy schemes. The main goal of the project is to conclude an applied research focused on the design and implementation of new software and database tools that enable the national administration to abstract from the complexity of processing and analysis of satellite imagery, while fully exploiting the information potential of these datasets for operational agricultural monitoring.

Light-induced protection mechanisms based on low-molecular-weight metabolites and their role in plant cross-tolerance to high temperature and drought

Provider: Grantová agentura České republiky
Coordinating recipient: Ostravská univerzita v Ostravě
Another participant in the project: Univerzita Karlova v Praze
Another participant in the project: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Keywords: plant cross-tolerance;oxidative stress;drought;high temperatures;phenolic compounds; antioxidants;osmoprotectants;light spectral composition;photoreceptors;morphological acclimation;leaf anatomy;photosynthesis;Hordeum vulgare;Arabidopsis thaliana
Annotation of project:
Climate change brings an increased frequency of drought and heatwave episodes, causing oxidative and osmotic injury in plants. An effective mechanism of induced tolerance is essential for plant survival. We have recently shown a key role of low-molecular-weight protective compounds (LMWPCs), but the role of individual LMWPCs in induced tolerance, crosstolerance and plant systemic response is unclear. Using appropriate mutants of A. thaliana and barley genotypes, we will focus on a comprehensive understanding of the importance of LMWPCs in induced and cross-tolerance: from the signalling role of light spectral composition, through the dynamics of induction/degradation of phenolic compounds, other antioxidants and osmoprotectants, up to the importance of acclimation on an organ/whole-plant level. Metabolomics approaches, gene expression analysis, biochemical/biophysical methods for detection of damage and efficiency of protective mechanisms, and morphological, anatomical and histochemical analyses will be used for this purpose.

Water systems and water management in the Czech Republic in conditions of climate change

Provider: Technologická agentura ČR
Coordinating recipient: Výzkumný ústav vodohospodářský T. G. Masaryka, v.v.i.
Another participant in the project: Výzkumný ústav Silva Taroucy pro krajinu a okrasné zahradnictví, v.v.i. (dále jen "VÚKOZ, v.v.i.")
Another participant in the project: České vysoké učení technické v Praze
Another participant in the project: Česká zemědělská univerzita v Praze
Another participant in the project: Český hydrometeorologický ústav
Another participant in the project: Agentura ochrany přírody a krajiny České republiky
Another participant in the project: Vysoká škola chemicko-technologická v Praze
Another participant in the project / Organizational Unit guaranteeing Solutions: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Keywords: integrated water resource management; integrated river basin management; flood protection;, adaptation to climate change; adaptation measures; industrial wastewater; ecosystem protection; ecosystem restoration; current indicators of water pollution
Annotation of project:
The aim of the project is, through the activities of the Water Research Centre, to support better knowledge in the areas of: - future water requirements in terms of (a) climate change and (b) induced changes in society, - comparison of future water requirements with the amount of available water and identification of water deficit areas, - the impact of climate change on ecosystems and continued anthropogenic effects on aquatic environments, - inputs, quantities, paths and the effects of pollution in current indicators causing of not reaching of good water status, - reducing the amount and level of pollution in industrial wastewater. With the help of new findings and through their dissemination, it will be possible to support of the considerable resilience of the society in the following ways: - preparation of adaptation and mitigation measures, assessing their effectiveness individually, within their systems, - optimizing their design in terms of both: effectiveness and economic efficiency, - improving, or at least holding, the good environmental status in climate change conditions.. The project will ensure long-term research projects that require the necessary time and capacities. The project is focused especially on the Specific Objective 1 of the Program, especially on the issue of water management, drought, mitigation of its impacts on human settlements and nature. The project aims to become an important contribution to the creation of the “climate package of the Czech Republic”. However, it also deals with the issue of floods, specifically in climate change conditions. The aim of the project is also to contribute to the fulfillment and updating of strategic concepts at the level of the state and regions, in particular the Strategy of Adaptation to Climate Change, Concept of Drought Protection, River Basin Management Plans and Flood Risk Management Plans. The project results will also have a legislative impact.