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CZECHGLOBE
Global Change Research Institute, CAS
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PROJECTS

Database of projects currently being solved as well as already completed projects.

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Number of projects found: 234

Národní institut pro výzkum socioekonomických dopadů nemocí a systémových rizik

Provider: Ministerstvo školství mládeže a tělovýchovy
Coordinating recipient: Masarykova univerzita
Another participant in the project: Univerzita Karlova v Praze
Another participant in the project: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Keywords: xxx
Annotation of project:
xxx

Digital platform for distributed optimization and sustainable mitigation and production capacity of optimALga microalgae

Provider: Ministerstvo průmyslu a obchodu
Recipient: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Coordinating recipient: DataFriends s.r.o.
Keywords: xxx
Annotation of project:
xxx

EDORA - Development and implementation of a drought impact database, a drought risk assessment methodology and a drought risk atlas.

Provider: EC - HORIZONT 2020
Another participant in the project: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Keywords: xxx
Annotation of project:
xxx

Methods of intensification of organic farming on arable land

Provider: Ministerstvo zemědělství
Coordinating recipient: Mendelova univerzita v Brně
Another participant in the project: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Keywords: Biological control; crop rotation; organic agriculture; plant-growth promotion, soil biodiversity
Annotation of project:
The aim of the project is to propose methods of organic farming on arable land, which will lead to the intensification of crop production while fully respecting the rules limiting production in terms of the environment and consumer health, by applying an integrated approach using the synergistic effect of agronomic, biological and mechanical/physical methods of crop protection and management. The steps implemented during the project will be focused on the use of the latest knowledge and practical experience with the intensification of organic farming in our country and other European countries with developed organic farming, especially in Austria.. The project will also use knowledge from the biology of harmful organisms and prepare appropriate plant protection systems in organic farming.

Evaluation of the impact of land cover changes on local hydrology and climate in the Krkonoše National Park using remote sensing and hydrological modeling

Provider: Technologická agentura ČR
Another participant in the project: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Keywords: land cover; forest; hydrology; modelling; remote sensing
Annotation of project:
1. Analyze long-term development of land cover (since the 1980s) with emphasis on changes in forest and on the current state of forest health in the upper Úpa and Horní Čistá river basins using various types of remote sensing (RS) data. 2. Analyze long-term time series of hydrological and hydrometeorological data and describe the development of climate and hydrology of the monitored area since the 1940s. 3. Using hydrological modeling and inputs generated under objectives 1 and 2 to simulate the long-term impact of land cover changes (LCC) on the local climate and hydrology. 4. Design a methodology for monitoring the impact of LCC on local hydrology using RS and hydrological modeling. 5. Design an Application for automated RS data processing and evaluation of hydrological conditions.

Evaluation of the impact of land cover changes on local hydrology and climate in the Krkonoše National Park using remote sensing and hydrological modeling

Provider: Technologická agentura ČR
Coordinating recipient: Univerzita Karlova v Praze
Another participant in the project: Ústav pro hydrodynamiku AV ČR, v. v. i.
Another participant in the project: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Keywords: land cover; forest; hydrology; modelling; remote sensing
Annotation of project:
1. Analyze long-term development of land cover (since the 1980s) with emphasis on changes in forest and on the current state of forest health in the upper Úpa and Horní Čistá river basins using various types of remote sensing (RS) data. 2. Analyze long-term time series of hydrological and hydrometeorological data and describe the development of climate and hydrology of the monitored area since the 1940s. 3. Using hydrological modeling and inputs generated under objectives 1 and 2 to simulate the long-term impact of land cover changes (LCC) on the local climate and hydrology. 4. Design a methodology for monitoring the impact of LCC on local hydrology using RS and hydrological modeling. 5. Design an Application for automated RS data processing and evaluation of hydrological conditions.

Development of the methodology for monitoring and assessing the hydromorphological characteristics of watercourses

Provider: Technologická agentura ČR
Coordinating recipient: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Another participant in the project: Výzkumný ústav vodohospodářský T. G. Masaryka, v.v.i.
Another participant in the project / Organizational Unit guaranteeing Solutions: Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci
Keywords: hydromorphology; ecological status; EU WFD; hydromorphological assessment
Annotation of project:
The project proposal responds to the long-standing unsatisfactory situation in the field of monitoring and assessment of hydromorphological characteristics of watercourses in the Czech Republic, as a part of the assessment of the ecological status of water bodies required by the WFD 2000/60/ EC. The main objective of the project is to develop a new methodological procedure and software for a comprehensive assessment of the hydromorphological status of surface water bodies, based on a combination of distance and field survey data, respect the requirements of European Commission and be user-friendly in terms of time and fieldwork effort. The selection of individual hydromorphological parameters and indicators used will consider their importance for the relevant biological components.

Importance and protection of floodplains as an environment for the fulfillment of the landscape ecostabilisation function

Provider: Technologická agentura ČR
Coordinating recipient: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Another participant in the project: Masarykova univerzita
Keywords: floodplain; ecosystem function; ecosystem service; human impact; ecological stability; land-use; environmental change
Annotation of project:
This project proposal aims to create a comprehensive methodological approach for determining the level of floodplain disruption in current conditions, based on identification and evaluation of the key ecosystem functions and services, provided by the floodplains. On the basis of this procedure, it will be possible to set certain limit values for selected significant ecostabilization functions, the exceeding of which may result in impairment of the performance of these functions. The procedure will take into account current and anticipated natural conditions and varying degrees of anthropogenic pressure. The project's results will contribute to ensuring a balance between the use of floodplains and the conditions necessary to ensure the performance of a number of important functions.

Anyui – Volcanoes, Climate and the Peopling of America

Provider: Grantová agentura České republiky
Recipient: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Keywords: Beringian standstill hypothesis;volcanic eruption;megafaunal extinction;human dispersal;climate reconstruction;dendroclimatology;tree-ring stable isotopes;paleoecology;Chukotka;northeast Siberia;Russia
Annotation of project:
At the height of the last Ice Age, ~28–16k years ago, northeast Siberia and northwest Alaska were ice-free and connected by a land bridge. The ‘Beringian Standstill Hypothesis’ argues this region served as a biological refuge for megafauna and played a critical role in the peopling of the Americas. However, much of the Russian part of Beringia remains terra incognita to the international scientific community and wider public. Here, we propose an interdisciplinary onemonth expedition in summer 2022 to the yet unexplored Anyui volcano and its unique 56 kmlong lava field. We will sample living and relict trees, together with geological samples, artefacts and ecofacts to investigate the effects of Anyui’s eruption, and associated climate and environmental responses, on megafaunal extinction and human migration. Tree-ring width and stable isotope measurements will be used for high-resolution temperature and hydroclimate reconstructions. This project will contribute to one of the most debated topics in understanding the global dispersal and proliferation of Homo sapiens.

ExtremeAdapt – nondestructive monitoring of biomolecular response of desert extremophiles to the polyextreme environment

Provider: Grantová agentura České republiky
Recipient: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Keywords: Raman spectroscopy;imaging;global change;molecular adaptation
Annotation of project:
Yet unexplored geobiological specimens from the Atacama Desert will be studied, representing polyextreme environment, where aridity meets high doses of UV+PAR irradiation. The environment thus represents an unique natural laboratory. The crucial aspect of the project will be nondestructive "in-situ" investigation of biomolecules synthesized by these organisms. Raman spectroscopy with emphasis on Raman imaging will be a key method applied together with advanced microscopy to study spatial distribution of UV+PAR protective microbial pigments and the other biomolecules. It is essential to explain resistance strategies of endoliths in the harsh environment. The following material will be studied: a) different rock from the same polyextreme environment, b) the same rock and different microclimates and c) the same rock and same polyextreme environment but different microhabitat (i.e., chasmo-, crypto- and hypoendolithic habitats).