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CZECHGLOBE
Global Change Research Institute, CAS
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Number of projects found: 219

North Andean forest - biodiversity and threats

Provider: Polish National Agency for Academic exchange
Another participant in the project: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Keywords: xxx
Annotation of project:
The project is primarily focused on conducting joint, international research. The target groups are experienced researchers and students from the University of Lodz (UŁ), Global Change Research Institute (GCRI), Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen (JLU) and Universidad Nacional de Colombia (UNAL) who will carry out joint work in an area of 30 ha of the North Andean forest located in the Sibundoy Valley (department Putumayo, southern Colombia) to explore the diversity of organisms occurring here, to implement multitaxa monitoring and to analyze the impact of small-scale agricultural activities on the biodiversity of the research area. The direct results of the project will be scientific publications on biodiversity of the study area and on the analysis of anthropogenic threats to the North Andean forest. The most important long-term benefit will be the creation of an international team of scientists who will be able to conduct other similar studies in the Neotropics. This cooperation may become the basis for consolidating the work of several research teams, for expanding international cooperation with the state administration, non-governmental organizations and the private sector to improve conservation of the most biodiverse areas of the world.
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Mobility CzechGlobe 2

Provider: OP VVV
Recipient: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Keywords: globální změna klimatu, měřená klimatická data
Annotation of project:
Rozvoj výzkumné instituce prostřednictvím posílení lidských zdrojů zejména v oblasti studia dopadů změny klimatu na vodní režim a rizika sucha v planetárním a lokálním měřítku, dále zdokonalení metod naměřených klimatických dat. Uskuteční se celkem pět mobilit, z nichž třemi je příjezd zahraničních vědeckých pracovníků - seniorů a dalšími dvěma jsou výjezdy výzkumných pracovníků - juniorů do zahraničí. Během realizace projektu se uskuteční celkem 6 odborných seminářů pro cílovou skupinu.

Role of forest structure in the up-scaling of canopy reflectance and solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence

Provider: Ministerstvo školství mládeže a tělovýchovy
Recipient: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Keywords: radiative transfer modeling, DART, Norway spruce, 3D spruce representation, radiative budget, solar induced chlorophyll fluorescence
Annotation of project:
The project will contribute to the ongoing COST Action CA17134 - SENSECO, which brings together international research community working on synergies in Earth Observation data and up-scaling of ecophysiological vegetation traits. The main focus of the project will be optimization of the radiative transfer modeling of coniferous (spruce) forest as a key to detailed understanding of solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF) emission and light scattering inside the forest canopy. The 3D structure of forest canopies influences light scattering properties and such as modified the signal recorded by remote sensing sensors. Our motivation is to provide a complex 3D environment that will allow for detailed sensitivity analysis in structurally complex coniferous forests. For this purpose we will use a complex 3D radiative transfer model DART (Discreete Anisotorpic Radiative Transfer), which is developed by Cesbio in France. The project will be divided into three parts. The first part will be focused on the improvement and modification of an existing algorithm for 3D spruce tree representation that was developed by our research team. We will particularly focus on modeling of 3D needle shoots from detailed laboratory laser scans and adjust the needle shoots for detailed sensitivity studies, as well as for extensive simulations. The second part will be focused on detailed sensitivity study in DART on how forest 3D structure and optical properties influences the subtle signal of SIF and the up-scaling to satellite data. The third part will focus on more effective use of the DART simulated spectra in ARTMO (Automated Radiative Transfer Models Operator) through model emulation. Results of this project will be shared with the researchers of the COST Action and published in international peer-reviewed journals.

The development of tool for identification of the main water management risks at the Dyje basin and the methodology addressing their systematic solution in the conditions of climate change

Provider: Technologická agentura ČR
Coordinating recipient: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Another participant in the project: Vysoká škola báňská - Technická univerzita Ostrava
Another participant in the project: Český hydrometeorologický ústav
Another participant in the project: Česká zemědělská univerzita v Praze
Another participant in the project: Výzkumný ústav vodohospodářský T. G. Masaryka, v.v.i.
Keywords: climate change adaptation; climate change scenario; drought; hydrological modelling; water resources
Annotation of project:
The main goal of the project is i) to evaluate and predict changes in landscape water regime with special focus on drought and water resources; ii) to determine areas with critical water balance (hydrological and water resource management); iii) and to identify the risks in areas with insecure water supply of surface- and ground-water resources. The analyses will be conducted at already threatened Dyje basin in the context of climate change and anticipated development of land use and water requirements. Vulnerability of water resources and potential risks for current and future users will be evaluated. Adaptation measures will be proposed and their efficiency and their mutual interactions will be analyzed with consideration of future conditions and explicit physical processes.
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Climate change impacts on the water balance of the Thaya

Provider: Interreg V-A Austria - Czech Republic
Coordinating recipient: Amt der Niederösterreichischen Landesregierung
Another participant in the project: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Another participant in the project: Český hydrometeorologický ústav
Another participant in the project: Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und Geodynamik
Another participant in the project: Výzkumný ústav vodohospodářský T. G. Masaryka, v.v.i.
Another participant in the project: Povodí Moravy, s.p.
Another participant in the project: Technische Universität Wien
Keywords: xxx
Web of the project: https://www.at-cz.eu/cz/ibox/po-4-udrzitelne-si...
Annotation of project:
Das Ziel ist die Prognostizierung und Analyse der Auswirkungen des Klimawandels auf den Wasserhaushalt des grenzübergreifenden Einzugsgebietes der Thaya und hierauf basierend die Erarbeitung einer bilateral abgestimmten Betriebsordnung für die Stauseen in Tschechien für Trockenperioden in der Zukunft. Hierbei soll mittels Klimaprognosemodellen überprüft werden, ob mit den zukünftig verfügbare Wassermengen die bestehenden bzw. künftigen wasserwirtschaftlichen Nutzungen (Trinkwasser, landwirtschaftliche Bewässerungen und Industr. Nutzungen) abgedeckt werden können. Die Umsetzung einer angepassten Bewirtschaftung des gemeinsamen Einzugsgebietes erfolgt über die Österr.-Tschech. Grenzgewässerkommission und den umsetzenden Behörden und Institutionen beider Länder und kann nur im gemeinsamen Wirken erfolgen.

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Provider: Akademie věd ČR
Recipient: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Keywords: xxx
Annotation of project:
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Utility and risk of irrigation over the Czech Republic in changing climate

Provider: Technologická agentura ČR
Another participant in the project: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Keywords: Available water; drought risk; irrigation system; climate change
Annotation of project:
First objective of the project is a classification of the CR territory with respect to potential utility of irrigation and available water in present and future climate considering terrain morphology, soil characteristics, drought risk and rainfall variability, taking into account estimated volume of available water. Options for small water retention in the landscape for different irrigation system sizes will be assessed as well. Second objective is a design and implementation of irrigated soil water regime monitoring system as a tool for optimization of irrigation systems and water resources management. The system will be tested at two pilot localities representing local and centralized irrigation systems.

Prediction of the impact of unfavorable environmental risks on production and non-production functions of agricultural ecosystems using remote sensing methods

Provider: Technologická agentura ČR
Another participant in the project: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Keywords: remote sensing; environmental risks; crop status; biophysical variables; soil organic carbon; soil nitrogen contamination; IoT sensors; machine learning
Annotation of project:
The main objective of the project is the assessment of risks related to agricultural production and management. The proposed approach includes monitoring of the risks of crop damage due to adverse conditions (drought, high temperature, pests and diseases), but addresses also risks related to crop management (decline in soil organic carbon, contamination of water by mineral nitrogen). The assessment of risk will be based on dynamic crop status analysis from Sentinel-2 satellite data together with conditions of crops provided by a network of mobile meteorological stations and IoT sensors. The project will also develop a range of algorithms for interpretation of satellite data and its validation using available in-situ data, and applications for dissemination of the results to the end users.

Framework for Organisational Decision-Making Process in Water Reuse for Smart Cities

Provider: Ministerstvo školství mládeže a tělovýchovy
Coordinating recipient: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Keywords: Water reuse, water sustainability assessment, water-smart economy, operation controlling, climate change
Annotation of project:
The re-use of wastewater (WW) on an agricultural and industrial scale offers a potential solution to address growing water stresses but the effective uptake is often hindered by complex factors ranging from technical capacity through to public acceptance and lack of available data and monitoring tools to justify its implementation. So far, research has mainly focused on efforts to enhance WW treatment technologies across multiple reuse purposes rather than focusing on its diffusion into applications across wider society as part of a smart water management strategy. Despite the usefulness of technological development practices, the research has hindered the development of a broad environment for investment. The aim of this project therefore is to provide a framework for organisational decision-making processes for companies and utilities to facilitate the uptake of water reuse practices in their operations. The project will test assumptions regarding technical feasibility, legal provisions, political assessments and sustainability benefits for the environment, economy and society. Project’s innovation is to serve as a technology and know-how bridge among the IT, the industry and the community addressing the gap between theoretical technical capabilities and actual application in socio-political and cultural environments. With pilot studies in multiple countries the project will engage in utility operational framework development with critical stakeholders across European Countries and Japan to produce a digital decision support and monitoring tool that utilises real-time data and climate change projections. This tool will help the implementation of strategies that would increase acceptance of water reuse practices for the local economy and society.

Soil Eco-Technology to Recover Water Storage in disturbed Forests

Provider: Ministerstvo školství mládeže a tělovýchovy
Another participant in the project: Ústav výzkumu globální změny AV ČR, v. v. i.
Keywords: Water in landscape, catchment, forest management, soil
Annotation of project:
In terrestrial ecosystems, soils control water storage distribution and quality, they supply water to vegetation as well as to groundwater recharge. Recharge and its quality are crucial for watercourses and consequently sources of water used by human society. Soil ability to hold water depends largely on soil organic matter. Widespread decrease of soil organic matter and soil compaction is responsible for a reduction of soil water holding capacities and consequently for increasing problems with water supply for vegetation and other components of the landscape. There is extensive evidence, that these disturbed soils have large abilities to store carbon if sufficient organic matter is supplied. However, much less is known about how the soil carbon storage corresponds with improvements of soil water and river water supply and its quality. There are several site-specific eco-technologies proposed for reclamation of degraded soils, but the applicability of technology or knowledge is not fully tested especially in some ecological conditions (e.g., Asian tropics). The knowledge gaps and differences in limits technology exchange between countries. Main objective and scientific output of this project will be the formulation of indicators for the ability of soils to store water harmonized and shared between European and Japanese researchers; more thorough understanding of the relationship between basic tree properties (leaf traits) and soil water retention and how they are influenced by other soil properties (pH, clay contents); set up practical guidelines how to improve water storage in disturbed forest soils. The project will benefit from a network of common garden experiments in Europe and huge datasets of water budgets and quality including forest stream water quality monitoring in Japan.